Aura Clinic Singapore

Concerns

Skin

Loose Skin

Loose Skin

Loose skin, also known as skin laxity, occurs when the skin loses its elasticity and firmness, resulting in a sagging or drooping appearance. This can affect various areas of the body, such as the face, neck, arms, abdomen, and thighs. Factors like aging, weight loss, and sun exposure contribute to the breakdown of collagen and elastin, essential proteins that maintain skin structure and resilience.

Causes:

  • Aging: As individuals age, the natural production of collagen and elastin decreases, leading to a gradual loss of skin elasticity and firmness.
  • Weight Loss: Rapid or substantial weight loss can leave the skin unable to fully retract, leading to sagging skin. This commonly occurs after bariatric surgery or significant lifestyle changes.
  • Sun Exposure: Prolonged exposure to UV rays accelerates the aging process, contributing to the breakdown of collagen and elastin fibers and the development of loose skin.
  • Genetics: Genetic factors play a role in determining individual skin elasticity. Some people may be genetically predisposed to develop loose skin more easily.
  • Smoking: Smoking accelerates skin aging by damaging collagen and elastin, leading to a loss of elasticity and contributing to loose skin.

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Pigmentation

Pigmentation 

Pigmentation refers to the uneven distribution of melanin, the pigment responsible for skin color. This condition manifests as dark spots, patches, or hyperpigmentation, and it can affect various areas of the body.

Causes:

  • Sun Exposure: UV rays stimulate melanin production, leading to sunspots or freckles. Prolonged exposure without protection can result in uneven pigmentation.
  • Hormonal Changes: Pregnancy, hormonal contraceptives, and hormonal fluctuations can trigger conditions like melasma or chloasma, causing dark patches on the skin.
  • Inflammation: Skin inflammation from conditions like acne or eczema can lead to post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation, causing dark spots after the inflammation subsides.
  • Age: As individuals age, accumulated sun exposure can result in age spots or liver spots, contributing to uneven pigmentation.

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Uneven Skin Tone

Uneven Skin Tone

Uneven skin tone refers to variations in color and texture across the skin, resulting in a lack of uniformity. This condition can present as dark spots, redness, or dullness.

Causes:

  • Sun Exposure: UV rays contribute to uneven pigmentation and can lead to sunspots or a blotchy complexion.
  • Age: The aging process can result in uneven skin tone due to reduced collagen production and increased pigmentation irregularities.
  • Genetics: Genetic factors can influence how the skin responds to environmental factors, affecting its tone and texture.
  • Skin Conditions: Conditions like acne or rosacea can contribute to uneven skin tone through inflammation and pigmentation changes.

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Melasma

Melasma

Melasma is a skin condition characterized by dark, discolored patches, typically on the face. It often occurs due to hormonal changes and is more common in women.

Causes:

  • Hormonal Changes: Pregnancy, birth control pills, and hormonal therapies can trigger melasma. Hormonal fluctuations play a significant role in its development.
  • Sun Exposure: UV rays exacerbate melasma, leading to increased pigmentation in affected areas. Sun protection is crucial in managing melasma.
  • Genetics: A family history of melasma can increase the likelihood of developing the condition.

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Wrinkles/Fine Lines

Wrinkles/Fine Lines

Wrinkles and fine lines are natural signs of aging, characterized by creases, folds, or ridges in the skin. They commonly appear on the face, neck, and hands.

Causes:

  • Aging: Reduced collagen and elastin production, a natural part of aging, leads to decreased skin elasticity and the formation of wrinkles.
  • Sun Exposure: Prolonged exposure to UV rays accelerates the breakdown of collagen and elastin, contributing to premature wrinkles.
  • Facial Expressions: Repetitive facial movements, such as smiling or frowning, can contribute to the development of expression lines and wrinkles.
  • Smoking: Smoking accelerates skin aging by damaging collagen and elastin, leading to premature wrinkles.

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Acne/Active Acne

Acne/Active Acne

Acne is a common skin condition characterized by the presence of pimples, blackheads, whiteheads, and, in some cases, inflammation.

Causes:

  • Excess Sebum Production: Overproduction of sebum (skin oil) can clog hair follicles, leading to the formation of acne.
  • Bacteria: Propionibacterium acnes, a type of bacteria, can thrive in clogged pores and contribute to inflammation and acne.
  • Hormonal Changes: Hormonal fluctuations, common during puberty, menstruation, and pregnancy, can trigger acne.
  • Genetics: A family history of acne can increase the likelihood of developing the condition.

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Acne Scar/Enlarged Pores

Acne Scar/Enlarged Pores

Acne scars and enlarged pores result from the aftermath of severe or persistent acne. Scars can be depressions or raised areas, and enlarged pores may be more noticeable.

Causes:

  • Inflammation: Severe inflammation during active acne can lead to tissue damage and scarring.
  • Picking or Squeezing Pimples: Manipulating or picking at pimples can worsen inflammation and contribute to scarring.
  • Genetics: Genetic factors can influence the skin’s healing process, affecting the likelihood of scarring.
  • Lack of Treatment: Inadequate or delayed treatment of acne may increase the risk of scarring and enlarged pores.

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